(from left) untitled supplement, poem on document paper; landscape #5, pigment print
landscape #10, pigment print, primary language ( ), textile on velvet
primary language ( ), textile on velvet, 79 x 50 inches
untitled supplement, poem on document paper; landscape #5, pigment print
untitled supplement, poem on document paper
[following is the full text on untitled supplement]
Questions 1–4 are incomplete sentences. Below each sentence you will see four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D.
Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence.
During the early period of ocean navigation, __________ any need for sophisticated instruments and techniques.
A. so that hardly
B. when there hardly was
C. hardly was
D. there was hardly
The sentence should read, "During the early period of ocean navigation, there was hardly any need for sophisticated instruments and techniques."
Therefore, you should choose D.
(Narrator) Question 2.
(Man) Do you mind if I turn the television off?
(Woman) Well, I'm in the middle of watching a program.
(Narrator) What does the woman imply?
(Narrator) Question 5. Why is the student disappointed?
The answer to question 5 is:
A. He has to quit his job at the library.
B. The professor will not allow him to take her class.
C. The university recently closed its museum.
D. The internship he wants is unavailable.
(Narrator) Question 6. What will be displayed in the exhibition at the university library?
The answer to question 6 is:
A. Rare books
D. Historical reports
The railroad was not the first institution to impose regularity on society, or to draw attention to the importance of precise timekeeping. For as long as merchants have set out their wares at daybreak and communal festivities have been celebrated, people have been in rough agreement with their neighbors as to the time of day. The value of this tradition is today more apparent than ever. Were it not for public acceptance of a single yardstick of time, social life would be unbearably chaotic: the massive daily transfers of goods, services, and information would proceed in fits and starts; the very fabric of modern society would begin to unravel.
What is the main idea of the passage?
The main idea of the passage is that societies need to agree about how time is measured in order to function smoothly. Therefore, you should choose answer C.
In line 7, the phrase "this tradition" refers to
the practice of starting the business day at dawn
friendly relations between neighbors
the railroad's reliance on time schedules
people's agreement on the measurement
primary language, an ornamental rug for institutions
landscapes, from on paper series
untitled supplement, a poem redacted from TOEFL (Test Of English as Foreign Language) questions and answers
(all photos courtesy of the queens museum, ny)